Migrant Workers

La Mano Del Diablo (The Hand of the Devil) – This sculpture of a migrant worker using an outlawed fanning toot – the short-handled hoe

Migrant workers call it the “Hand of the Devil” and appropriately, La Mano Del Diablo translates to just that.  The short-handle hoe was widely used during the Bracero Program, a government project launched in the early 1940’s that witnessed nearly 5 million Mexican migrant workers crossing the border to contribute to the agricultural well-being of the United States.

The short-handle hoe, which required users to work in a “back breaking” slumped-over position was eventually outlawed thanks to migrant movement efforts spearheaded by Cesar Chavez.


Lagrimas y Sudor

Lagrimas y Sudor, translated to “Tears and Sweat” is a commemoration to the many migrant workers who slaved over the plow fields of the Southwest, paid only cents for each bag of cotton they filled.

The sculpture was uniquely crafted to capture the struggle, physical pain and mental strain migrant workers experienced while working in the scorching heat during the summer months.


Making of Migrant Workers

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